Body measurements of Sudan desert sheep lambs fed urea ensiled groundnut hulls and molasses under range conditions

Abdelbagi Ballal Ahmed, Ikhlas Ahmed Nour, Ibrahim Musa Tibin, Omer Mustafa

Abstract


The study was conducted to evaluate the effect of feeding urea-treated groundnut hulls (silage) and molasses on body measurements of Hammari desert sheep lambs, at Elnuhood Desert Sheep Research Station, North Kordofan State, to meet the feed shortage during summer. The duration of the experiment was ninety days. Sixty desert sheep lambs (thirty males + thirty females) of 6 months age and 23.4 kg average live weights were divided into three equal groups (A, B and C). Groundnut hulls treated with 5 % urea was ensiled for 30 days. The lambs were fed a ration containing 77% silage and 23% molasses in addition to natural pasture grazing. Group A was offered 400gm silage and 120 gm molasses per day, group B was offered 200 gm silage and 60 gm molasses per day and group C (the control) was left to graze the natural pasture without supplementation. The effects of feeding management and sex were determined. The result revealed that, the slaughter weights were not significantly different among the treatments, group A gave the highest weight (26.25kg) followed by group B (23.69kg) while group C had the lowest weight (22.25kg). The body measurements were not significantly different among the supplemented groups except the heart girth which was significantly higher in group A (68.9cm) compared with group B (67.1cm) and the control, group C (67.4cm). Males had significantly (p<0.05) larger head length, neck length, height at wither and body length than females. Height at wither, heart girth and body length were positively correlated with body weight. The study indicated feeding 400g silage and120g molasses per day can be used as maintenance supplementation for desert sheep lambs during summer under range conditions.

Keywords


groundnut silage; range;desert lamb; body measurements

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abulazyim, M. (1996). Animal resources and animal production in the Sudan, Second chapter, Khartoum University Press, University of Khartoum, Casting house: 63-90 (Arabic). Elhag, M. G. (1992). Effect of chopping and wilting on tropical grass and silage quality in South Kordofan, Sudan. African Livestock Research, 2: 11-14.

MARF (2010). Ministry of Animal Resources and Fisheries in the Sudan, Estimate of Livestock Population by states, Report 2010.

Mehta, S. C.; Vij, K. P.; Joshi, K. B.; Sahai, R. and Nivarkar, E. A. (1995). Characterization and conservation of the Malpura sheep breed. Animal Genetic Resources Information. 16: 83-91.

Mohamed, A. M. A. (2003). Body measurements, performance and meat characteristics of Desert sheep. PhD. Thesis, Gesira University.

Mohamed, M. E. (2004). Meat production from ewe compared with rambs. M. Sc. Thesis. Faculty of Animal Production, University of Khartoum.

Musa, A. M. (2010). Performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality attributes of desert

U. of K. J. Vet. Med. Anim. Prod., Vol. 7, Issue 1 (2016) p 43-49

ISSN: 24345

sheep under range condition. M. Sc. Thesis, University of Khartoum.

Musa, H. H.; Suleiman, A. H.; Elamin, M. E. and Chen, H. G. (2005). Reproduction and production performance of Western African sheep in Sudan. J. Anim. Prod., 4: 750-754.

Omer, M. O. (2009). Productive, reproductive and carcass characterstics of Algash sheep. M. Sc. Thesis. University of Khartoum.

Owen, J. G.; Norman, G. A.; Fisher, I. I. and Forst R. A. (1977). Studies on the meat production characteristics of Botswana goats and sheep. Part I. sampling, methods and materials and measurement on the live animals. Meat Science,1: 63-69.

Salah, A, G. (2011). Effect of management and feeding supplement on performance, fertility and carcass characteristics of Sudan desert sheep raised under range condition. Ph.D. Thesis, Faculty of Animal Production, University of Khartoum.

Samuel, O.K. and Salako, A.E. (2008). Body measurement characteristics of the West Dwarf (WAD) goat in deciduous forest zone of southwestern Nigeria. Afr. J. Biotech, 7(14): 2521-2526.

SAS, (1999) Statistical Analysis System User’ Guide Statistics.

Steel, R.G.D. and Torrie, J.H. (1980). Principles and Procedures of Statistics, A biometrical approach, 2nd edition, McGraw-Hill, New York, USA, pp. 20-90.

Yehia, E. A. (2002). Ecology of some herbaceous forage in North Kordofan, M.Sc. Thesis, Institute of Environmental Studies, University of Khartoum, Sudan.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN: 243456

U. of  K. J. Vet. Med. Anim. Prod.